The Tribal Remedy Framework (TRF) is a comprehensive plan for meeting the educational needs of Native students and their tribal communities. It was created collectively by tribal community members and Indigenous education experts, following a series of tribal Community Education Institutes and Pueblo Convocations. The Tribal Remedy Framework has been endorsed by the leadership of New Mexico’s 23 Nations, Tribes and Pueblos.

This legislation is done in response to the landmark 2018 Yazzie/Martinez v. State of New Mexico court ruling. This framework outlines initial steps for an overhaul of education governance, funding, programming and services. The proposals are aligned with the mandates of the Yazzie/Martinez ruling and the Indian Education Act of 2003.

What the bills do

  • Funds tribal community-based education to meet the needs of Native K-12 students by increasing the capacity of tribal education departments to serve Native students, increasing educational programming for Native students at tribal libraries, and ensures that funds for tribal education are flexible, recurring, non-reverting, and disbursed in ways that respect Tribal sovereignty.
  • Makes capital investments in tribal education infrastructure to better serve Native students including new construction, expansion, or renovation of tribal libraries and other education facilities.
  • Changes how the Indian Education Fund distributes funding equitably among Tribes so that they would be able to use funds flexibily for any of the purposes outlined in the Indian Education Act.
  • Allow for Tribes and Pueblos to contract with the Early Childhood Education Care Department to deliver tribal early childhood education programs on a Tribe's own terms, using Indigenous education standards.
  • Require salary parity for Native American langugage and culture teachers across New Mexico.
  • Funds Native American higher education program and Tribal Colleges to increase capacity of the K-12 education system to meet the 2018 Yazzie/Martinez court mandates. This includes investing in pipelines for Native teachers, administrators, and educational leaders, expanding behavioral health and social services for Native K-12 students, expanding college and career readiness programs, and increasing the digital inclusion of Native K-12 students and their communities. 

Learn more about the framework here.



Passed committee



Bill number

HB 60, HB 61, HB 87, HB 88, HB 89, HB 90